Located at Alexandria in Egypt, Alexandria Carbon Black is an Indo-Egyptian joint venture of the Aditya Birla Group with the Egyptian Government. With a capacity of 285,000 mtpa, the company is one of the fastest growing Carbon Black in the world.
Thai Carbon Black has been listed among the world's best 200 small companies for three years from 2002 to 2005. With an annual capacity of 210,000 mt, Thai Carbon Black supplies to markets in South East Asia, Australia and some European countries.
With manufacturing plants at Renukoot in U.P and Gummidipoondi in Tamilnadu, Hi Tech Carbon is the second largest producer of Carbon Black in India. The company has a combined capacity of 240,000 mtpa and exports about one third of its production overseas.
Liaoning Birla Carbon, a pioneering venture in China, is a joint venture between Thai Carbon Black Co. Ltd. and Dashiqiao Ronghua Co. Ltd. With a capacity of 55,000 mtpa, the company uses the distributed control system (DCS) to ensure consistency of quality.
With a total annual capacity of 790,000 mt, the Aditya Birla Group is the fourth largest producer of Carbon Black in the world. The four companies work in synergy to produce world-class Carbon Black. The varied locations give the companies access to most of the world's markets.
The Carbon Black business is directly influenced by the tyre industry, which is driven by the automobile industry. The automobile industry also influences the non-tyre segment since a significant portion of this segment includes components for the automobile industry. The macro economic factor impacting the automobile industry is GDP per capita. The European Carbon Black market is about 1.4 million mtpa and is growing at a rate of about 1 per cent while the Asian markets are growing at over 5 per cent with a total of 1.6 million mtpa.
With sales offices in India (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata), Thailand(Bangkok), China (Dashiqiao), Egypt (Cairo), United Kingdom(Wolver Hampton) and Belgium (Antwerp), the Group's Carbon Black companies cater to markets in United Kingdom, Spain, France, Israel, Turkey, Morocco, Ethiopia, Thailand, India, Japan, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Australia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Vietnam, UAE, Singapore and Nepal.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Carbon black is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, and a small amount from vegetable oil. Carbon black is a form of amorphous carbon that has a high surface-area-to-volume ratio, although its surface-area-to-volume ratio is low compared to that of activated carbon. It is dissimilar to soot in its much higher surface-area-to-volume ratio and significantly less (negligible and non-bioavailable) PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) content. Carbon black is used as a pigment and reinforcement inrubber and plastic products.
The current International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) evaluation is that, "Carbon black is possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B)". Short-term exposure to high concentrations of carbon black dust may produce discomfort to the upper respiratory tract, through mechanical irritation.
Manufacturing Process of Carbon Black
Classification of carbon black by manufacturing process
Carbon black is produced with the thermal decomposition method or the partial combustion method using hydrocarbons such as oil or natural gas as raw material.
The characteristics of carbon black vary depending on manufacturing process, and therefore carbon black is classified by manufacturing process. Carbon black produced with the furnace process, which is the most commonly used method now, is called “furnace black,” distinguishing it from carbon black, which is manufactured with other processes.
Furnace Black Process
This method forms carbon black by blowing petroleum oil or coal oil as raw material (feedstock oil) into high-temperature gases to combust them partially. This method is suitable for mass production due to its high yield, and allows wide control over its properties such as particle size or structure. This is currently the most common method used for manufacturing carbon black for various applications from rubber reinforcement to coloring.
This method forms carbon black by bringing partially combusted fuel, which is generated with natural gas as raw material, into contact with channel steel (H-shaped steel) and then collecting the carbon black which results.
There are yield and environment issues around this method, and therefore has lost the leading role as the mass production process to the furnace process. This method, however, provides carbon black with many functional groups on the surface, being used in some painting applications.
Acetylene Black Process
This process obtains carbon black by thermally decomposing acetylene gas. It provides carbon black with higher structures and higher crystallinity, and is mainly used for electric conductive agents.
This method obtains carbon black by collecting soot from fumes generated by burning oils or pine wood.
This method has been used since the days before Christ, and is not suitable for mass production. However, it is used as raw material for ink sticks as it provides carbon black with specific color.
|Alexandria Carbon Black Co SAE (Egypt)|
|Alexandria Carbon Black Company SAE holds the distinction of being one of the world's largest Carbon Black plants at a single location. The company, an Indo-Egyptian joint venture of the Aditya Birla Group, is the only producer of Carbon Black in the Middle East and North African region.|
Established in 1994 with an initial capacity of 20,000 tpa with technology from Continental Carbon (USA), the company has grown more than 10 times to 285,000 tpa, making it the world's largest Carbon Black plant at a single location. It is the fastest growing Carbon Black company in the world.
The company produces various grades of Carbon Black used mainly in the rubber industry. About 80 per cent of the world's Carbon Black production is utilised by the tyre industry. It is also used in the manufacture of inks, dyes, paints, cables and plastics.
Marketed under the brand name Birla Carbon, the company exports 95 per cent of its Carbon Black produce to over 50 countries across the globe including the US, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, among others.
In line with the high quality standards maintained across the Group, Alexandria Carbon Black has led the way in the Carbon Black industry and among industries in Egypt, Middle East and North Africa. It has achieved QS-9000 accreditation for Quality Management System, ISO 14001 certification for Environment Management, OHSAS 18001 accreditation for Occupational Health & Safety Standards and presented the Special Award for TPM achievement from JIPM, Japan.
Alexandria Carbon Black also has the distinction of being ISO-TS 16949 certified along with SA 8000 Accreditation for Social Accountability. It has been a recipient of the international Safety Award by the British Safety Council and was ranked among the five best environment friendly companies, worldwide by IFC.