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The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was an industrial disaster that took place at a Union Carbidepesticide plant in the Indian city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. On 3 December 1984, the plant released 42tonnes of toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, exposing more than 500,000 people to toxic gases. The first official immediate death toll was 2,259. A more generally accepted figure is that 8,000- 10,000 died within 72 hours, and it is estimated that 25,000 have since died from gas-related diseases.
The Bhopal disaster is frequently cited as the world's worst industrial disaster. The International Medical Commission on Bhopal was established in 1993 to respond to the longterm health effects of the disaster.