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Sunday, September 28, 2008


Intellectual property law

Primary rights
Copyright · Patent · TrademarkIndustrial design rights · Utility modelGeographical indicationTrade secret · Related rightsTrade name
Sui generis rights
Database right · Mask workPlant breeders' rightSupplementary protection certificateIndigenous intellectual property

Related topics
Criticism · more

A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to an inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.

The procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely between countries according to national laws and international agreements. Typically, however, a patent application must include one or more claims defining the invention which must be new, inventive, and useful or industrially applicable. In many countries, certain subject areas are excluded from patents, such as business methods and mental acts. The exclusive right granted to a patentee in most countries is the right to prevent or exclude others from making, using, selling, offering to sell or importing the invention.

1 Definition
2 Etymology
3 Law
3.1 Effects
3.2 Enforcement
3.3 Ownership
3.4 Governing laws
3.5 Application and prosecution
4 Economics
4.1 Rationale
4.2 Costs
4.3 Criticism
5 History
6 See also
7 References
8 External links


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